Modern Australian

At moments like these, we need a cultural policy

  • Written by Julian Meyrick, Professor of Creative Arts, Griffith University

National crises, like the pandemics that can provoke them, come in stages. Each stage presents leaders with unique problems that require mental, moral and emotional agility to manage. Change is the only constant, as policies that work one moment fail to do so another. National crises challenge ideology. There is little room for rhetoric when people’s lives and livelihoods are on the line.

A New Approach, funded by the Myer, Keir and Tim Fairfax foundations, is a research initiative of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Its fourth, recently released report, Drivers of Arts and Cultural Policy Settings in Australia and Beyond, calls for a policy understanding of the cultural sector that scarcely exists.

This key part of Australian society has self-evidently not been at the front of the government’s mind. So, it is unlikely to hear the messages the report contains.

But it should. The Morrison government, like the Coalition governments before it, is wedded to the tropes of the extractive economy. After decades of “rationalising” Australia’s manufacturing sector, it is left with a handful of go-to industries it understands and/or whose lobbying has been successful (mining, construction, defence and agriculture, with a bit of tourism and small business thrown in).

Read more: Artists shouldn't have to endlessly demonstrate their value. Coalition leaders used to know it

As the cultural sector is not one of the favoured few, the years since the Coalition’s election in 2013 have been ones of missed opportunity, ministerial posturing, and limp incrementalism. The government has given little thought and less support to the sector. COVID-19 has revealed an essential truth: Australia doesn’t have a cultural policy.

This has to change. In the post-COVID period a significant task of rebuilding faces Australia on both economic and social fronts. It will not be met by channelling the 1980s conservative energies of Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan as Treasurer Josh Frydenberg proposes. The problems of stagflation and industrial reorganisation look nothing like the problems of collapsing aggregate demand and the promotion of sustainable growth.

A group of men stand with crew in a theatre Prime Minister Scott Morrison, singer Guy Sebastian and Arts Minister Paul Fletcher view a sound desk in the Sydney Coliseum Theatre in June. AAP Image/Joel Carrett

New challenges require new responses, not a return to old ones. Wage stagnation, precarious employment and record-low interest rates make monetarist policies ineffective in the current climate.

It is fiscal instruments – government spending – that will determine whether Australia recovers swiftly from the effects of the current pandemic. The austerity era is over. Nations that spend nothing, will get nothing. The future belongs to those who are willing to build. That includes the Australian cultural sector.

Read more: The arts needed a champion – it got a package to prop up the major players 100 days later

Policy highs and lows

A New Approach’s fourth report should have been its first. It lays out the strategic landscape of cultural policy and gives a selective narrative of cultural policymaking since 1950. Key to the former is what the report calls “policy drivers”. It names four that have been dominant in Australia: collective identity, reputation building, social improvement and economic contribution.

What is a policy driver? In the report, they appear as a cross between a motivation, an aspiration and a management goal. At any rate, they are some kind of higher idea that are supposed to make sense of government action in the sector. It is both unfortunate and typical that none of the drivers identified are cultural ones, that Australian governments have apparently had little ambition to produce great art or support its creators. The core purposes of arts and culture lie in what it can do for other areas: identity, cohesion, industry and diplomacy. No wonder applying them has “often led to a lack of leadership in this area over the last 70 years”.

Australia’s cultural policy highs have been significant. Creative Nation was a world first in scope, content and tone when it appeared in 1994. But its prolonged lows have badly damaged a sector that has grown in spite of, not because of, government treatment. A New Approach’s historical timeline stops in 2010, three years before Creative Australia was released and legislation governing the Australia Council was rewritten, and well before cultural funding was (temporarily) increased.

Girl on stage set of train interior Anthem, Melbourne International Arts Festival 2019. Pia Johnson

A New Approach notes that “Australia’s current cultural policy settings are designed for an earlier era”. This is a misrepresentation. The government’s approach to the cultural sector has been a baleful cocktail of favourites and indifference. In the barren years after 2013, government energy was invested in “counter-drivers”: negative policy attitudes that framed culture as elitist, useless, metropolitan and lefty.

The report puts forward eight recommendations, ready-packaged for policy wonks as “Opportunities”. One is the stand-out: to create a National Arts and Culture Plan that “could inform more coherent arts and cultural policy settings and investment at all three levels of government”. The report even identifies the appropriate body for actioning such a plan, the Meeting of Cultural Ministers. This is our national cabinet for arts and culture. The mechanism for effective cultural policymaking in Australia has long been in place. It is time to use it again.

Read more: Paul Keating’s Creative Nation: a policy document that changed us

Growing beyond the rescue effort

Why should the federal government move out of its comfort zone and take an informed interest in a policy domain that it has all but disavowed? The small and belated pandemic support package currently offered suggests there is some recognition that culture is important. But it is far from enough. Through a triple whammy of bushfire disaster, COVID-19 shutdown and economic depression, the country has received a body blow that demands active leadership to recover from.

Where the policy debate has focused on a need to “rescue” the cultural sector from the ill-effects of COVID-19, the emphasis must now be on growing it as part of a wider program of public investment.

ANA’s report touches on six areas where this might happen: capital expenditure; support for cultural organisations; community and amenity building, especially in regional Australia; Indigenous arts centres and First Nations cultural programs; and digital participation.

Faced with this list of options, the box to tick is “all of the above”. The need to assist artists and those involved in the production of culture is greater than ever. Many have missed out on previous support offered and are grieving as they see a lifetime’s commitment evaporate. Investment in cultural infrastructure needs to come from all levels of government, but especially from the federal one, where, as the report points out, expenditure in the cultural area fell 18.9% per capita between 2008 and 2018. The burden of proof lies with those who would do nothing.

Empty gallery space with paintings on walls The pandemic has shuttered exhibitions such as the Joy Hester survey at Heide. Heide

Read more: Friday essay: the politics of dancing and thinking about cultural values beyond dollars

A useful start

A National Arts and Culture Plan won’t guarantee the government will come to its senses and treat the cultural sector with the seriousness it deserves. But it is a useful start. The arts minister, Paul Fletcher, is a cleanskin, with the capacity to implement a broader policy agenda. The states and local governments are aware of the importance of the sector and its role in a post-COVID recovery. The Australia Council is doing all that it can with the little that it has to cope with the serial disasters sweeping over artists and cultural organisations.

What’s wanted is a positive lead from the federal government. It doesn’t need to pretend to an expertise it doesn’t have. It needs to listen to the industry and policy representatives who can give it good culture-specific advice. Then it needs to open its wallet and get ready to spend.

That won’t be easy for a political party that has drunk deep at the small-government-balanced-budget well for so long and, in its own mind, to good effect. But a different world looms, and the cultural sector is central to it. Whatever “policy drivers” the government chooses to commit to, commit to some it must. The clock is ticking, the sector is ailing. There is simply no time to lose.

Authors: Julian Meyrick, Professor of Creative Arts, Griffith University

Read more https://theconversation.com/at-moments-like-these-we-need-a-cultural-policy-141974

NEWS

Every year in Australia, nature grows 8 new trees for you — but that alone won't fix climate change

ShutterstockFrom Tasmania’s majestic forest giants to the eucalypt on your nature strip, trees in Australia are many, varied and sometimes huge. But how many are there exactly? And how does...

The bad bits of ParentsNext just came back

NIKOLAY OSMACHKO/PexelsOn Monday “mutual obligation” was switched back on for programs such as ParentsNext.In the case of ParentsNext that means parents selected for it are required to attend initial and...

5 ways to support your child to stress less and do better

ShutterstockYear 12 exams can be stressful at the best of times; this is particularly true for the Class of 2020. Here are five ways parents and carers of Year 12...

God, plagues and pestilence – what history can teach us about living through a pandemic

Anthony Van Dyck's Saint Rosalie Interceding for the Plague-stricken of Palermo/The Conversation (with apologies)Most of us are living through a year that is unprecedented in our lifetimes. Too young to...

it's possible — how we can create a fairer, greener Australia beyond COVID

Joe Castro/AAPWe are living through the greatest disruption of the postwar era; what is likely to be the defining historical period of our lives. And the disrupter is a piece...

Facebook is merging Messenger and Instagram chat features. It's for Zuckerberg's benefit, not yours

Facebook Messenger and Instragram’s direct messaging services will be integrated into one system, Facebook has announced. The merge will allow shared messaging across both platforms, as well as video calls...

how to time a bombshell like Trump's tax returns

It’s unlikely The New York Times’ publication of Donald Trump’s tax records just before the first presidential candidates’ debate was a coincidence.This looks like a classic example of what political...

The 5-prong plan for a budget that will set us up for the future

For three decades, Australia’s economic story has been marked by abundance and wealth. Much of it has flowed from minerals, and a good deal more from earlier economic reforms.COVID-19 has...

Vaccine refusers are health literate and believe they're pro-science. But this just reinforces their view

Australians belonging to the vaccine refusal movement consider themselves a science advocacy group, according to a study published today.My colleagues and I found this group believes it lobbies for unbiased...

Can colonialism be reversed? The UN's Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples provides some answers

Can a state built upon the “taking of another people’s lands, lives and power” ever really be just?Colonialism can’t be reversed, so at a simple level the answer is no.But...

With the election looming and New Zealand First struggling in the polls, where have those populist votes gone?

New Zealand First leader Winston Peters on the campaign trail in late September.GettyImagesWinston Peters has long been described as a populist, both in New Zealand and internationally. At different times...

Federal government did not prepare aged care sector adequately for COVID: royal commission

The royal commission into aged care has said government did not prepare the sector well enough for the pandemic.In a damning report the commission rejected the government’s repeated claim it...



News Company Media Core

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion













Popular articles from Modern Australian

6 Stunning Ways to Spruce Up Your HouseHome renovations in hot climatesThree of the best detective games for mystery loversAuto Wrecker in NewcastleExperience the Excitement of a Day at the Races How Do You Know If You Need A Hearing Aid?Fitness Tips: 3 Ways to Stay in Shape At HomeWear a Mask and protect yourself in StyleWellness expert:  Cutting up your fruit cuts the goodness out of themRegain Your Natural Smile Getting Porcelain Crowns in MelbourneIs Photography Still Important In 2020?Thinking of Hiring a Boat? Check these Facts FirstDo You Know that Certain Serious Athletic Injuries Can Turn into Medical Malpractice?Most In-Demand Suburbs for Property Buyers in Australia Post Covid-19What Is Selective High School?