Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that develops when the body secretes melanocytes in an improper manner, which causes an additional layer of skin to grow abnormally.
There are other ways to treat melanoma, which will be covered in more detail later in this article. However, treatment is only taken into account after the issue is identified. Thankfully, melanoma is quite simple to detect. The following are some melanoma symptoms you should be on the lookout for:
- a progressive alteration to current moles. Increased mole size, moles with several colours, and irregularly shaped borders around the mole are all signs of this alteration.
- formation on the skin of an odd-looking growth of distinct colours. Simply said, this is a patch of skin that is a different hue from the skin around it.
Although the precise origins of melanoma are unknown, experts agree that UV rays are a major contributor to malignancy. Although UV radiation comes from many different places, sunlight is the main way that it reaches exposed body parts. The term "hidden melanoma" refers to melanoma that develops in locations that are difficult to see, such as the nose, eyes, palms of the hands and legs, the bed of the fingernails, and inside the body.
People with fair skin are more likely to develop melanoma in exposed places, while those with darker complexion are more likely to develop melanoma in hidden areas. A family history of melanoma increases the risk of another family member getting it. Additionally, your risk of developing melanoma is higher if you have more than 50 moles on your body or a compromised immune system.
Treatment of Melanoma
No matter what stage melanoma is found in, it can be treated. It can be treated for all stages of melanoma, which range from stage 1 to stage 4.
However, the sort of treatment depends on you, so you should talk to your doctor about what you hope to achieve from the procedure both before and after you have it. The following techniques can be used to treat melanoma:
Surgery: this eliminates the cancerous skin margin as well as the infected tumour, mole, or growth. Melanoma can be treated surgically at any stage. There are so three different surgical melanoma treatment options. With our thorough excision procedures, only a very little portion of the skin is removed. In addition, lymph that absorbs the radioactive tracer is removed during the lymphatic and sentinel lymph node biopsy, which is followed by the lymph node dissection.
Radiation therapy: this kills melanoma-affected cells by utilising high-energy X-rays. It's done by a radiation oncologist. Melanoma recurrence is prevented with this kind of therapy.
Medication therapy: this involves giving cancer-curing drugs intravenously or orally to treat melanoma. Immunotherapy is one form of medical treatment that works to strengthen the body's defences against melanoma growth. The next step is target therapy, which attacks the unique melanoma genes to stop the growth and spread of the disease and lessen damage to healthy skin. Last but not least, chemotherapy employs chemicals to kill cancer cells and stop them from proliferating or spreading.
Melanoma, a form of skin cancer caused by aberrant melanocyte production, can be treated in a number of ways, depending on which approach is most effective for you. However, it is advisable to avoid it in order to avoid experiencing or going through the therapy phase.
Melanoma is extremely deadly. To ensure that skin cancer is detected early, schedule skin cancer checks at a renowned skin cancer clinic on an annual basis.