Modern Australian

Melasma: What Are the Best Treatments Available Today?

Melasma is a skin disorder that manifests itself on the face as a brown or greyish patch or spots. Although both men and women can be affected by this ailment, it is more common in women. Overproduction of the skin cells responsible for your skin colour is a common cause. Melasma is classified into three types: epidermal, dermal, and mixed melasma.

While these illnesses are not detrimental to your health, there are a number of other skin conditions that are comparable to melasma that can hurt your skin. As a result, it's critical to consult with your dermatologist to ensure that your specific skin disease is properly diagnosed. Self-diagnosis is possible for melasma, but only if you are familiar with the symptoms. The following are some of the most common melasma symptoms:

  • * It's characterised by darker blotches and patches than your skin.

  • * It appears on the face's cheeks, nose, forehead, or chin.

  • * It frequently covers a substantial portion of the face.

  • * It is not uncomfortable nor itchy.


Melasma's Most Common Causes

Melasma is caused by a few recognised variables in both men and women, and the severity with which it grows on the skin differs from patient to patient. Melasma can be caused by a variety of factors.

  1. Medication: Some medications, such as anti-seizure and contraceptive pills, might cause these patches to form.

  2. Genetics: While most skin disorders are not genetic, roughly 30 to 50 percent of melasma patients report that the disease has also impacted a family relative.

  3. Hormones: Certain hormones, such as progesterone and oestrogen, have been implicated in the development of this illness in women. Melasma can also be caused by pregnancy hormones.

  4. Cosmetics: Although cosmetics seldom cause melasma, some can provoke phototoxic responses that lead to melasma.

As previously said, this illness can manifest itself in many ways in different persons. However, some circumstances, such as infrared and UV rays from the sun, might exacerbate the problem.

Is Melasma a Treatable Skin Condition?

Melasma can be treated. Melasma, on the other hand, is one of the most difficult skin disorders to treat. This is because your dermatologist will need to determine the cause of your illness before recommending a treatment plan. Melasma has no specific treatment, thus your dermatologist will likely recommend a skin therapy based on the texture and unique nature of your skin.

Melasma can also go away on its own without any therapy. In fact, most patients simply wait it out, as the patches usually fade gradually after three months of staying out of the sun. However, you must tell your skin doctor or dermatologist as soon as you discover any unusual looks on your skin in order to guarantee that the condition is benign.

Melasma Treatment Offered at Skin Clinics

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels remove or 'peel' the outermost layer of your skin using alpha-hydroxy and beta-hydroxy acids. This aids in the removal of any imperfections on your skin, such as those caused by melasma, as well as the promotion of new skin cell growth. When performed in conjunction with a skin whitening product, chemical peels for melasma are most effective. As a result, the skin peel is more constant, and any post-treatment hyperpigmentation is reduced.

Skin Needling

The application of small needles into the skin of the treated region is known as skin needling. The contents of topical medications can enter the skin, which contains your body's blood vessels and pigmentation cells, thanks to the tiny puncture holes (pores) created by these needles. When paired with a topical ointment, skin needling produces the best effects. There is no proof that treating melasma without the use of a supplemental ointment will result in an acceptable outcome.

Cosmelan

The Cosmelan treatment was created to lessen the look of a variety of skin disorders, including pigmentation. The administration of a 'Cosmelan peel' by a certified nurse is the initial step in the Cosmelan treatment. After that, the peel is removed by the patient at home. The patient will return to the clinic four days later for LED treatment. Patients should expect their skin to seem revitalised and free of pigmentation after the peeling procedure is finished.

Conclusion

Melasma is a skin disorder that affects the face and is characterised by the appearance of little dark spots and patches on the skin. Although the coloured skin patches are not hazardous in and of themselves, their placement on a person's face makes them unattractive. This article provides essential information on melasma and the many clinical treatment options for the disorder.

If you think you have melasma or another skin disease, contact our experts right away to learn more about how we may help you.

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